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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section C】
试题内容
   Since we are social beings, the quality of our lives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strength of the human condition is our tendency to give and receive support from one another under stressful circumstances. Social support consists of the exchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those of us with strong support systems appear better able to cope with major life changes and daily hassles(困难). People with strong social ties live longer and have better health than those without such ties. Studies over a range of illnesses, from depression to heart disease, reveal that the presence of social support helps people fend off (挡开) illness, and the absence of such support makes poor health more likely.
  Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives, and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others despite our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Engaging in leisure-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting(转移意力)us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instrumental support—financial aid, material resources, and needed services—that reduces stress by helping us resolve and cope with our problems.
1.[单选题]Which of the following is closest to the word “cushions” (Line 1, Para.2)?
  • A.Adds up to.
  • B.Does away with.
  • C.Lessens the effect of.
  • D.Lays the foundation for.
  • 解题思路:词汇题。这应从上下文意思去判断此句的主语是社交支持,宾语是精神压力(stress)。根据上文,社交援助能抵挡疾病,精神压力与疾病是同类的词。因此,这个cushion应与上文的fend off也是同类近义词,应为抵抗,减少的意思。故C项为答案。
2.[单选题]Interpersonal relationships are important because_____.
  • A.they are indispensable to people’s social well-being
  • B.they awaken people’s desire to exchange resources
  • C.they help people to cope with life in the information era
  • D.they can cure a range of illnesses such as heart disease, etc
  • 解题思路:主旨题。文章大意说,人们的社会交往可以帮助人们解决各种困难。同时增进健康和长寿,这种人际交往当然就给人们带来幸福;A项说良好的人际关系对人们是必不可少的,与文章大意相符。
3.[单选题]Research shows that people’s physical and mental health _____.
  • A.relies on the social welfare system which support them
  • B.has much to do with the amount of support they get from others
  • C.depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles
  • D.is closely related to their strength for coping with major changes in their lives
  • 解题思路:细节题。人的身心健康与什么相关呢?第一段说有较强的社会关系的人更健康更长寿。第二段说,有了别人的援助可以帮助我们解决问题,同伴关系中的互助性能满足我们的需要,把忧愁和烦恼转换掉了,因此,人们的身脑健康与他人的支持和帮助是分不开的。这结论与B项同义。
4.[单选题]Social companionship is beneficial that_____.
  • A.it helps strengthen our ties with relatives
  • B.it enables us to eliminate our faults and mistakes
  • C.it makes our leisure-time activities more ‘enjoyable
  • D.it draws our attention away from our worries and troubles
  • 解题思路:推断题。社交伙伴在哪方面有好处呢?文章第二段后半部分与别人一起进行业余活动可以满足我们的社会需要,同时可使我们忘掉忧虑和烦恼,这与D项正好同义,故选D。
5.[单选题]Helping a sick neighbor with some repair work is an example of_____.
  • A.instrumental support
  • B.informational support
  • C.social companionship
  • D.the strengthening of self-respect
  • 解题思路:推论题。帮助邻居做修理工作,根据本文算什么例子呢?既不是B的信息援助,也不是C的社交同伴,更不是D项的增强自尊,这是一项服务性的帮助。因此,A为答案。
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  • 参考答案:C,A,B,D,A
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